Ultimate Guide To Learning Interior Design7 mins - Introduction
Before interior design became known as an area of expertise, there was no concept of ‘designers’ designing the interior of a home. Historically speaking, the entire design of any home or building was instinct-based. Homemakers and builders were the sole ‘interior designers’ of every building ever constructed from the 17th century to the 19th.
The history of interior design as a real & professional career and specialty began back in the initial years of the 20th century and today, this profession is evolving and thriving in the interior design industry. Designers pursuing this field in this modern era are required to attain certain educational qualifications, go through examinations and have practical experience to work effectively in interior spaces.
What Exactly Is Interior Design?
Interior design is mostly defined as and perceived to be just the ‘process or art of designing the interior space and decoration of a building or room’. This definition can rightly be accused of oversimplifying the concept of interior designing and undermining the work done by interior designers.
The whole concept of interior design encompasses much more than just ‘placing things’-it includes far more details than that and requires a very comprehensive approach. It’s not just about having to pay for getting pretty items placed in an orderly manner in your home, but it is about an individual’s entire experience in that particular space.
Most of us do not realize that interior design is an essential, intangible factor that has a major impact on our lives in every way-the way we think and feel at home or workplace, the way we work, play as well as heal in our ‘personal’ spaces.
Additional Fields Involved in Interior Designing
For modern interior design to actually be successful in crafting a functional and peaceful space, a number of different skills and industries come into play. These several industries include professional such as engineers, craftsmen, architects, furniture dealers & makers as well as property owners. So, simply putting it, interior design is a field that serves those seeking its services by combining expertise from all of these fields and even more as this industry is constantly and continuously evolving.
Some of the best and well-rounded interior designers you could find today would have skills in various fields-graphic design, textiles, lighting, decorative arts, etcetera-which is what makes them ‘well-rounded’.
Knowledge Requirements of Interior Design
It is wrong to assume that interior designing is a field that can be pursued and approached with a non-serious attitude. In fact, as mentioned earlier, it requires a broad range of skills. In addition to these skills, designers also NEED to have a working knowledge about spatial planning & arrangement, color theory and materials. This ‘working knowledge’ and the broad spectrum of skills associated with it are developed in a designer through education-books, classes, other sources of information-which are combined with practical and real-life experiences to make them successfully applicable.
Moreover, some technical skills and computer knowledge aids interior designing greatly by creating visuals of interior spaces and prototype results for designers, enabling them to work even more effectively and efficiently. Some 3-D and 2-D software applications useful here include BIM (Building Information Modelling) and CAD (Computer-Aided Design).
Lastly but very importantly, in addition to all its appearance-related functions and technicalities, the field also requires knowledge to address safety issues-building codes, health issues and structural requirements.
Difficulty Level Involved In Interior Design
The ‘product’ of interior design, executed very well, can look just very easy. Mostly it isn’t considered something that would involve too many technicalities as well as the extensive thought process and intellectual capabilities that come into play behind the final interior space that you see. It is referred to sometimes as ‘decorating’ an interior space whereas the difference lies just here, right in the term used incorrectly; decorators do not ‘design’. Creating that comfortable and cozy-looking beautiful space is much different than just ‘existing’ in one.
Getting it ‘right’ isn’t a cup of tea. Instead, it is a very challenging and complex feat. To make an interior space functional to its core requires a comprehensive and complementary combination of art’s aesthetics to the ‘science’ of gauging & studying human behavior. The aim of interior design is to not just make a space ‘look’ well, but it is to make it ‘feel’ well.
The most common, and perhaps the obvious, career path chosen by those in this field is that of an ‘Interior Designer’. Career options as an interior design include working for design firms or organizations, working as a consulting interior designer or as a solo, freelancer.
The two extremely popular and ‘mass’ areas of this field are commercial design and residential design. Commercial interior designers, as the name suggests, work in the ‘public’ world’s spaces, ranging from corporate and government buildings of high importance to hotels, schools, clubs, stores, etcetera. Commercial spaces will need to have their interior performance aligned with people they will be hosting and focus on their needs, safety and preferences. For example, a school’s classroom would be designed interiorly in a different manner than a club.
The entire focus of a residential interior designer is placed on ‘personal’ living spaces. This sub-field (residential) diverges further into designers that specialize in certain areas or spaces of the house, for example, kitchens, kid’s areas, home offices, lounges, etcetera.
Career opportunities offered by the interior design field are not just confined to the ‘conventional’ ones associated with it. There are several other niches & specialties, just like any other field, that can be tapped in accordance with the designers own passion and interest. These include furniture, lighting and textile. Other, more indirect, potential niches include getting involved in other industries that make use of interior design services to thrive, such as the cinematic industry.
Contrary to the common misconception, a career in interior design can be very challenging as it will involve all sorts of skills and expertise and a basic aesthetic sense. The monetary rewards can be great depending on the skillset and real-world experience of a designer. However, the non-monetary rewards enjoyed by an interior designer in the form of the satisfaction derived by creating and designing a space that is functional and aesthetically pleasing are surely priceless!